If you like growing your own food, you might be worried about the cold weather coming this winter. Don’t! There are a lot of vegetables you can plant now or even later in the fall that you can eat all through the holiday season, even if it’s cold outside.
Onions might not have been the first thing you thought of, but they’re easy to grow indoors and pretty tough. Planting onions in the fall is a good way to make sure they are ready to eat in the summer because onions need the cold.
Like onions, garlic needs to be planted before winter so that you can get full-grown bulbs in the summer or tasty green garlic in the early spring. Both are good, but green garlic tastes less like garlic than regular garlic. It’s also easy to grow them inside.
3. Spring onion
These greens are called “spring onions” because they are actually onions that were planted in the fall but picked early in the spring. They are great in soups, for making broth, as a garnish for a million different dishes, or just because you like the slightly spicy crunch of a spring onion.
Even though it doesn’t look like it, asparagus is in the same plant family as onions and garlic. It can probably live through the winter because of this, but it didn’t get its cousin’s laid-back personality.
You should only grow asparagus if you have a small garden and know how to do it right (mulching, straw, care, etc.). If you do it right, a strong asparagus plant can produce tasty spears for more than a decade.
5. Broad Beans
Broad beans, also called fava beans, are much easier to grow, especially inside. After taking care of them in the fall, you can plant them outside during the winter. With a little luck and a green thumb, you can get a tasty spring harvest.
Some peas are just as safe as their bean cousins with pods, and they both grow in the fall and are harvested in the spring. Keep in mind that regular peas don’t mature until much later than early spring, so you’ll need to look for hardy cultivars.
So, we’ll start with the “cut-and-grow” plants. Komatsuna and “perpetual spinach” are both hardy enough to grow back after being cut. You can plant them now or in a month, and then you can enjoy their spring harvest until they are ready to be picked again.
8. Land Cress
If you wait too long to plant this healthy bunch, you might have to take care of them inside for a while before moving them to a colder, more frost-prone area. Land cress is hardy enough to live through the winter with a little help (or you can grow it indoors!). It is a great leafy green to add to your winter salads, right between watercress, spinach, and mustard greens.
9. Mustard Greens
The Brassica family is tough and adaptable, and it doesn’t need much protection to make spicy cut-and-grow crops all year long. From the Japanese mizuna and mibuna to the Chinese and Indian versions, they’re all tasty as long as you get them when they’re young. If you let the leaves grow for too long, they will turn bitter.
The Romans were the first people to make broccoli. They did it with old-school genetic engineering called “selective breeding.” It’s related to cabbages and mustard greens, and it can take up to three months to get to the point where it can handle the cold. If you plant it after that date, you’ll have to keep it safe in a greenhouse.
11. Collard Greens
Collard greens are hardy and grow quickly. They can be planted in early fall and harvested for the first time when winter starts (they take about two months to mature). Like the other plants, you can cut them and they will grow back. Once they are fully grown, they can also withstand frost.
Kale is the dark green star of the leafy vegetable world. It is either the most disliked or the most loved of all the greens. But whether you like it or not, it’s a healthy crop that can handle a little frost. In fact, as long as it doesn’t get too cold (below 20°F), the leaves get sweeter.
Microgreens are the quickest food you can get from plants. From planting to eating takes about a week, and no one will argue that you can live on tiny mustard and lettuce sprouts alone, but they are a great and healthy addition to, well, almost anything. biggest bonus? No matter what time of year it is, they grow at home. Just make sure you have a window that gets lots of suns.
Potatoes are harder to grow indoors than in a big garden, but if you’re willing to do a little DIY work, you could have sacks and sacks of potatoes all year long. In the south, potatoes can grow outside even in the winter, but if you live further north, you’ll have to wait until spring to plant your potatoes.